You all might be familiar with drones, but there are always some certain questions in mind which force you to search about them. Well, it is a really good thing to search for all about your device. If you are about to get a drone, then you must be thinking, “what is the maximum weight a drone can lift?” Here is a small and detailed guide for you, which will definitely help you know more about drones.
In the world of drones, when we talk about the weight, we call them “payload.” Although UAVs (Unmanned aerial vehicles) have always been very helpful payload capacities are often a significant limiting factor. You need more weight to carry when you go on rescue missions or in search of someone. However, there are some heavy professional drones that are specially designed to carry a lot of weight, but a normal drone also has some payload capacity. Let’s take a look at that.
There is a different payload capacity for every drone according to their main purpose for which it was designed. Here is the average capacity for hobby drones; they can carry up to 0.3 kg to 2 kg while the carrying capacity of the professional drone is 20 kg to 220 kg, a lot right?
When you ask the payload capacity of drone, it is exactly like asking the maximum speed of the car with which it can go. Mainly a drone is made of 3 things, complex balance power, size and weight. A drone payload capacity is usually to carry cameras, radars, sensors, GPS etc. Batteries, rotors, propellers, motors and other constructional parts are not included in the payload.
There are two main types of drones, hobby drones and professional drones. Hobby drones are specially designed for sports, taking photographs and having fun while the professional drones are designed to carry payloads and other important things. All drones have their own specification, which greatly differs from the other model, and it affects the payload of the drone, so it will surely have an impact on their ability to carry and transport stuff.
· Trick drones are entirely for beginners. Most kids play with it and its flight time is 8 to 10 minutes. It can carry up to 4 to 6 grams of weight.
· Prosumer drones are the most common drones you’ll see. It falls in between professional and consumer drones. It allows you to carry gimbal or GoPro for photography. Their flight time is around 25 minutes, and they can carry 3 kg weight.
· Heavy payload drones are used for making deliveries like pizza and cake delivery. It is designed for professional-level drone users. It can carry up to 18 kg of weight, which is far more than enough.
Drones are really good for deliveries. If you want something fast, you can give an order and a drone, along with your package, will be at your door. After a few years, these capacities will surely increase, enough to carry heavy things f
or long distances.
Types of Motor used in Drones
Generally, there are two types of motors are being used in Drones. They are Brushed or Dc coreless motors and the Brushless.
Drone Motors – Brushless
In most cases, you’ll find these motors inside photography multi-rotors. Such as DJI Phantom series, Yuneec Q500 series, 3DR Solo and Traxxas Aton, etc. Also, these motors are used in 250mm kit quad-copters that are racing multi-rotor.
Regarding their competition in size, they are stout and short thought the appearance of motors are subject to the manufactures and might vary for different brands. The Drones are made of Brushless Motors, typically mounted the blades or propellers directly to the Motor’s Shafts.
Brushless Motors – Advantages
In general, the Brushless motors are expensive rather than a Coreless Brushed motors. Moreover, Brushless motors have a great lifespan with proper maintenance. On the same note, it can perform for a long timeframe without any rest because it has no core. So, no problems are faced such as overheating damage. Note that heating sometimes reduces the potential of brushless motors used in Drones. But as soon it cools down the performance revert to normal.
Brushless Motors – Disadvantages
The first disadvantage of Brushless Motor is their expensive price. Additionally, the motors have some expensive components too such as ECS means Electronic Speed Controllers. As these motors generate high torque so it is dangerous and should be used carefully.
Brushless Motors – Hacks
In most cases, the Brushless motors ensure more lifespan as the shafts remain the same for a long time and not misaligned due to crush. But the Drones use cheap motors might result in misalignment in the shaft within a short period. If you maintain your Drone on a regular basis, for example, lubricating the shaft, it’ll surely last for a longer time. Also try to keep the Drone clean from Dust, dirt, sand, or other small particles might enter inside the motor during flight. In short, keep your drone for best performance and longevity.
Drone Motors – Brushed Coreless motors.
Except for Drones, the batteries are commonly used inside the toy’s multi-rotors. For example, Blade Nano QX, UDI 818A, and Syma X5, etc. Furthermore, Parrot AR Drones also used coreless motors to propel. Look wise the Motor is like a spraypaint can – tall, shiny, and silver, etc. Though again it is subject to manufacture and may vary in size and shape. The coreless motors transfer the power through the gear shifting, and typically it’s bigger than your palm size.
Drone Motors – Advantages
These coreless motors are very cheap to manufacture, Other features such as easy wring, lightweight and compact size makes it a great choice regarding for budget Drones. Safe for using inside toys as the motor generates less power. Best choice for kids uses as less risk for any type of wound or cut.
Drone Motors – Disadvantages
Regarding its competition Brushless motor, the motor has a shorter lifespan. Generally, these motors burn out within 0-6 hours of their total performance time. These motors are usually used inside the toy Drones. Moreover, these motors are less powerful than it’s competition Brushless motors for the same reason it was safe for kids and called as toy motors.
Brushed Motors – Hacks
There are few common tricks to follow to use Brushed motor a few longer than their actual lifespan. In the first few flights, it’s better to run the Drone on a low throttle to extend motor’s lifetime. Make sure each flight is shorter than the 6 minutes timeframe. Because heating is a major problem for Brushed coreless DC motors and overheating damage is a common case problem faced by the users.
So, give your Drone rest to cool down after every 6 minutes flight time. Either it may cost the motor itself.
So, if you’re budget is bit low, and you’re just planning to buy coreless DC motors for your Drone. Then at least choose the multi-rotor that comes with connectors and wires. In that case, it’ll become easy for you to replace the motors. For example, Syma X8, Tarantula X8, and Blade Inductrix, etc. are the few drones come with connectors. AR Drone comes with stylish connectors and plugs though they ’re a bit expensive.
Drones these days, arrive in a variety of different sizes. Obviously, it is the new technology, and it has been made and modified into so many different models. You can get a drone in whatever size you like. How much power do they use? Here are some examples:
1. A Mavic Air uses 44 Watts/hour.
2. A Mavic 2 uses 59 watts/hour.
3. A DJI Spark uses 17 watts/hour.