There has been increased popularity in recent years on the use of drones since they’re easy and fun to use especially with various advancements in technology. Currently, drones have been applied in various forms some of which have resulted in unimaginable ways of using the drones. For instance, a certain Dutch artist decided to turn his cat into what is currently known as the cat drone. In this article, we will have a look at the invention of the cat drone as well as various types of drones that have developed either using other animals.
The invention of the cat drone
The invention of a cat drone all started with the death of the cat of Bart Jansen in 2012 after it was hit by a vehicle. Jansen, a 37-year-old Dutch artist, decided not to burry and instead stuffed it and inquired the assistance of a remote controller drone expert so that they would turn it into a functioning helicopter. They were successively able to turn the cat, which was known as Orville, into a real flying drone and is currently called the Orvillecopter. This is simply a quadcopter that was made from the dead cat. His popularity in drone technology is mostly attributed to his invention of the drone cat.
Although taking to anybody else it might appear like a strange exchange, this invention of Jansen makes a lot of sense. He became very popular after and trended once he successively after he transformed his cat to a UAV. He is currently gearing up towards the next project which is a badger submarine that is propelled by a jet. The normal job of Jason fits the solar panels.
Jansen, who is from the Netherlands, has committed his extra time for turning dead animals to remote-controlled unmanned aerial vehicles or drone. Rather than burying his cat, he opted to develop an unmanned aerial vehicle using the body of the dead cat. He was inspired by the inventors of the airplane, Wright brothers. He simply the body of his cat and used it to make a quadcopter with the assistance of engineer Arjen Beltman so that it would take flight effectively. This custom invention of Jansen made headlines once it was publicized and is currently being used for many other animals. This invention was exhibited in Amsterdam at the art festival of Kunstrai.
How the cat drone was made
The dead cat was stuffed horizontally, with its limbs being positioned at similar angles as propeller arms of a drone. The abdomen of the cat was then shaped so that it could accommodate the drone’s body an opening on the abdomen was cut and also at the end of its limbs, allowing for disassembling of the drone into various parts that are then placed inside the cat’s body where they are easily reassembled.
The drone’s arms are hidden in the limbs, only exposing the propellers which stick out in the paws. Drone’s body is hidden by the cat’s abdomen retaining the opening so that the battery and body of the UAV are still accessible. After completing the process of assembly and calibration, the cat drone was then flown in the airspace for the very first time.
Other animal drones
After the success of the cat drone, Jansen became more ambitious and started another project in 2013 that would use another taxidermy animal being the base, although larger than the cat. He eventually came across a dead ostrich. For the second project, he was financed by RC Technics. He was so thrilled to turn the 21 kilograms nonflying bird into a flying drone. This project was more challenging as compared to the first one since it needed a flying mechanism that was custom built. It was also challenging in shaping the dead ostrich into the shape of a drone.
Arjen Beltman and Jansen decided to develop another drone in 2104 which was based on a dead rat of a schoolboy, who had killed it since it had cancer. Jansen happily transformed that deceased rodent to an RC flying machine to grant the request of the boy. He created another project in the same year which was known as the ‘shark jet’. This involved a reef shark which he obtained from the local aquarium after it died from a bacterial infection. He simply strapped an engine of a jet and wings to the shark prior to sending it to fly in the air.
Transforming dead pets into drones
Some people thought that the drone from the dead cat would be the last creepy invention. After their success in turning the cat to the quadcopter, Arjen and Jansen have been involved in many other projects, and they currently own the Copter Company. This is a company that is based in the Netherlands and produces a variety of drones that are made from the taxidermy animals. They have demonstrated that there are a lot of things people can do to integrate the stuffed animals and the technology of drones. Some recent technology on the drone animals include;
• Cat drone
As we have seen, this was the very first invention of the drone animals that was made by Bart Jansen after the death of his cat. This invention is the source of all these other ideas which some people may consider creepy.
• Ostrich copter
Arjen and Jansen were able to turn this non-flying bird to a flying bird on July 2013. This drone consumed a large amounts o power when moving from the ground which is mostly due to the weight of the dead ostrich.
• Shark jet
This is another animal drone that was made using a taxidermy shark and resembles the V1 flying bomb. This drone seems to be a bit scary although some people it’s not the weirdest invented weapon.
• Rat copter
This was made from the rat that was owned by Peppjin, a schoolboy. After it died because of cancer, he opted to donate it for drone animal experimentation.
The advantage of the animal drones project
The best thing with animal drone technology is the fact that the inventors have utilized animals that are already dead to make these quadcopters. You can also easily prepare these animal drones by advancing them into drones so that they can fly.
Limitations of the cat drone invention
Despite the fact that this may be very exciting to some people, the determined and conservative animal lovers tend to have strict views on how animals must be treated regardless of whether they’re dead or alive. According to their opinion, cat drone shouldn’t exist since it’s an aberration and it was a defilement of the dead cat’s body.
The invention of animal drones like the cat drone has triggered various drone manufacturers to consider some drones that would be animal-friendly. An example of a bird that is friendly to the cat is Bionic bird which is manufactured using a foam body that is indestructible and has carbon fiber wings and tail that are replaceable, making it a perfect option for cats. This drone won’t be damaged if you are flying it low and is taken down by the cat.
It is also very portable with a length and width of 6.7 and 13 inches respectively, not forgetting that it weighs only .32 ounces. This makes it very easy to move and carry around. It has impressive flight time as well and can remain in flight for about 96 minutes if you charge it for only 12 minutes. It also comes with the charger.
This drone also has impressive speed and range and can be operated at an altitude of 350 while flying at a speed of 20 km per hour. It is controlled using the smartphone. These cat-friendly drones can help to stimulate the natural instincts of hunting of the cat and also provide it with the exercise that it needs.
The cat drone is popularly known as an Orvillecopter and is a functional and an interesting work of Bart Jensen who is a Dutch artist that he created using of his cat, Orville that died from a car accident, with the aim of keeping within his life and honor its memory.
Generally, the response to the invention of the cat drone was positive to the extent that more individuals have developed similar projects and are interested in collaborating with Jansen in other projects involving drones and taxidermy.
We have expectations that we will see other projects in the near future that are similar to cat drone technology, although involving larger sized animals than a cat. This would most likely be more complex as compared to the simple quadcopter remote-controlled drones.
One thing that we have really noted is that the dedication and respect Jansen had for his pet did not go unnoticed. He has exhibited his work at various art shows and has flown his drone in various yearly shows and conventions. The cat drone invention has been considered to be the functional work in art.
This invention is a clear indication that there will be more inventions that will arise in the technology of drones with time particularly due to the advancing technology. In the future, people might be able to turn their deceased pets into things they can comfortably observe and be able to retain their memories.
Drone body material
When one is building a drone, one important step includes selecting the type of frame and the body material that you will use. In this article, we will have a look at the various frame types that one can utilize when building the drone. This will include some of the common/ basic frame configurations currently available together with the various types of body materials that are used to make those frames.
Types of frame setups/ remote control drones
The quadcopter is the most popular type of frame setup that is used in the industry of remote control drones. This frame has four arms with each being linked to one motor. Apart from being the most adaptable/ versatile type of frame, the quadcopter is also the simplest drone frame available in the market which explains why models opt to use this frame setup.
One benefit of using this frame is the fact that almost all of its flight controllers currently available in the market can function with this design. Additionally, it is among the easiest and simplest designs that one can use.
Apart from having certain benefits, this frame setup has limitations too. For instance, its frame design isn’t perfect. Another limitation of utilizing this type of frame is the fact that if 1 of its propellers/ motors fail, the drone will crash since the remaining propellers/ motors will be unable to compensate the balance. You should therefore when you choose to utilize the quadcopter frame, ensure that you do it in the appropriate way.
Although this frame is not as popular as the quadcopter frames, it is certainly a good alternative when building the drone. This frame type has three arms with each being connected to one motor. In this frame setup, the drone has three arms with each being separated from the other by about 120 degrees. Due to the fact that this design is not symmetric, the one rear motor should have the capability of rotating using the normal drone servo motor so as to counteract the odd number of the rotors.
Just like the quadcopter frame setup, the tricopter also has benefits and limitations. If you are searching for something different in terms of aesthetic, then this frame is the best option. When this drone with this frame type is in motion, the frame it flight appears more like that an airplane rather than that of a drone. Additionally, since it needs fewer brushless motors, this setup may be the least costly option especially when learning to construct the drone.
Some of its limitations include; since this design needs a servo motor for rotation of its rear motor, the overall construction process is much more complex, especially in theory. Its rear arm also involves complex work for this setup to operate efficiently.
This frame setup has six arms with each being connected to one motor. Generally, this kind of setup is reserved for the flyers interested in engaging in substantial aerial photography. This setup can be found in 1 out of the two various layouts. One involves the front part of its body being located between 2 motors, and the other one involves the front part of its body being situated directly behind one motor.
One main benefit of using this setup is the fact that one can produce more thrust which is very helpful when lifting payloads that are heavier. Additionally, when one of its motors fails, a drone with this frame setup has higher chances of landing safely instead of crashing. Another benefit of this setup is that almost all of its flight controllers offer support to the frame.
When it comes to limitations, the hexacopter frame setup is more expensive to build when compared to quadcopter and tricopter since there are many parts that are required for it to fly. Additionally, since many parts result in more weight, achieving the necessary thrust for lifting the hexacopter will require a large battery.
The octocopter frame setup has eight arms with each being connected to one motor. As one can anticipate, this setup produces huge amounts of thrust. This type of setup is not recommendable to beginners since it will be challenging to build. This is mostly why such types of setups are commonly reserved for individuals who are aware of what they are doing. However, when one is initially learning to construct a drone, they should stick to simple models such as the tricopter or quadcopter setups.
One benefit of this model is that it has the ability to lift heavier things since the high number of motors results in more thrust. Additionally, when one of its motors fails, a drone with this frame setup has higher chances of landing safely instead of crashing.
When it comes to limitations, the octocopter frame setup is more expensive to build when compared to all the other types of setups since there are many parts that are required for it to fly. This type of setup is reserved to be built by flyers interested in engaging in substantial aerial photography or videography. However, this is not to say that it is impossible for beginners.
Types of the body materials used in the drone frames
Since you are now familiar with the various types of the frame setups that are used in building the drone, let us have a look at the commonly used types of body materials that may be utilized to make the frames. We have included some of the materials that are cost friendly.
If you are attempting to construct the cheapest drone as possible, you should consider selecting the wooden frame. Despite the fact that frame made from wood is not a very aesthetically appealing choice, it is certainly among the less costly materials. One benefit of choosing frames made with the wooden material is that one can easily and quickly replace them if anything breaks. However, if you opt to utilize the wooden frame for your drone, you have to ensure that it does not have any part that is twisted or warped.
This material is highly recommendable to use when building the drone frame provided one can be able to afford it. The carbon fiber is simple since it is extremely lightweight and very tough. This combination makes the drone to utilize less energy and fly better. You should always bear in mind the fact that the carbon fiber material impedes the RF signals, something that you must remember when mounting the essential electronic components such as the antenna.
This simply means Printed Circuit Boards, and it is the material type that has similar basic properties and structure as the fiberglass. However, unlike the fiberglass, PCB is flat all the times. Frames that have sizes that are below 600 mm typically utilize the Printed Circuit Boards for the top and bottom plates. As a matter of fact, the small frames in quadcopters can be constructed entirely from one PCB. You can also opt to learn how the PCBs function if you are really interested in drone technology.
Currently, most of the commercial unmanned aerial vehicles that you purchase have the plastic frames. The 3D plastic frames that are molded are becoming incredibly popular among do-it-yourself drone enthusiasts. Basically, utilizing the 3D printer in creating a plastic frame that is perfectly shaped is only functional in the smaller unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). When using the plastic sheet (and not the objects/ shapes that are printed on 3D), you can opt to strategically utilize them on the drone’s cover or on the landing gear.
This is a fiberglass variation that is often utilized as the less costly alternative to the carbon fiber material. From the outer parts, carbon fiber and G10 appear to be almost identical, although they slightly vary in the basic properties. The G10 material can be purchased in the sheet format. In terms of pricing, this material is less costly as compared to the carbon filter material, although it’s more costly when compared to plastic, wood or aluminum.
The aluminum is the other body material that you can utilize to build the frame of your unmanned aerial vehicle. One of the main benefits of using aluminum is the fact that it is flexible, lightweight and one can easily work with it. Nevertheless, the aluminum material is not more lightweight than carbon fiber. The aluminum material can be utilized to construct the entire drone frame or use to in supplementing certain frame parts such as the landing gear or arm. Another benefit of using the frames made from aluminum material is the fact that this material is readily accessible and inexpensive.
Those are some of the most commonly used body materials in building unmanned aerial vehicles/drones. When selecting the material you will use for your drone, and you should bear in mind the fact that the frames happen to be the least costly part, although this does not indicate that it is a least essential part.