Despite the fact that drones bring us fun, they can destroy our day to day life activities. This may be through the spy camera, weapons or even noise harassment. For the purpose of catching drones, militaries and police are conducting various experiments with various things like lasers and eagles. However, there are other technological advancements that don’t include direct light or avian capture. Such methods may include the use of the radio frequencies that are generated by the antennas and then pointed towards the drones.
You can utilize the drone blockers so as to offer protection to your day to day life from the disturbances from the drones. This refers to devices that generate radio frequencies of about 2.4 GHz to block the frequencies of the drones. Some of these devices may even have a maximum block range of about 1500 meters. They can also shot down the drone high altitudes.
Using the unmanned aerial vehicle blockers completely blocks the signals of the drones that are located within a particular range. You, therefore, don’t need to be concerned about the invasion of your personal privacy enabling you to enjoy quiet time.
Various types of drone blockers
Currently, there are two types of unmanned aerial vehicle blockers, namely the suitcase and desktop type.
The desktop type of drone blocker tends to have small and lightweight characteristics although they have a limited interference range.
On the other hand, the suitcase type of drone blockers has a long range of interference and accurate blocker characteristics. This particular type of UAV blocker can further be categorized into two groups namely; the 360- degrees omnidirectional inceptors and the gun-type blocker. The gun-type blocker tends to have accurate and fast features. It also has the ability to quickly block down the 4- axis aircraft and drones. The 360 degrees omnidirectional interceptors are very convenient. This drone blocker signals instantly after being switched on, even without aiming.
When the drone blockers are aimed then fixed to the drones, they disrupt the GPS and the radio signals that are guiding the unmanned aerial vehicle. These devices are long-range weapons and can be able to block the signals controlling the drones from a maximum distance of 1500 meters.
With the increase of threats that are posed by usage of the malicious drones, the defense systems of drones have developed a solution that will help to counter this threat that is rapidly emerging. This solution is referred to as the dome shield which is a rising solution that consists of 2 systems that function together; countermeasure and detection.
Although each of the systems can be deployed independently, their combination allows for immediate deterrence and accurate detection. These systems can be able to identify and prevent many threats that are coming at the same time with a few seconds.
This provides the users with greater advantage compared the drone countermeasure solutions that are handheld or manually operated. The countermeasure system becomes instantly engaged once the detection system recognizes the incoming threat. The technology of drone blocker deploys a dome that is impenetrable over the area that is protected.
The detection system might be achieved through either one or a combination of various technologies. The radar, audio, and video are incorporated into a system that is automated which can reliably detect and classify the incoming unmanned aerial vehicles. Once the detection system accurately identifies the threats, the countermeasure system becomes automatically engaged, eliminating the threats from one or many simultaneous sources.
The acoustic sensors use microphones of high precision to detect the sounds of the incoming drones. The system processes the signal filters the ambient noise and compares the audio signature of the drone with the sound profiles stored in the database.
The radar technology enables the tracking and detection of the ground and aerial targets that have low radars cross sections at long distances, even in the urban area or the environments with low visibility.
Surveillance cameras of high resolution may be positioned along the area’s perimeter. These cameras then utilize an algorithm of image processing to identify the threats from malicious drones. The cameras also have the ability to capture and storing the video feeds that are captured for further investigations after the event. The optical detection tends to have a maximum effective block range of about 700 meters.
The RF-Sensors have the ability of detecting, identifying and classifying the unmanned aerial vehicles from long distances through interception of signals that are exchanged between an operator and the drone. The receiver processes and compares signals that are received by the RF-Sensors with the signals that are stored in the database so as to look for the signature that is equivalent to that signal that was generated by an operator and/ or the drone.
How secure are you?
Drone technology is among the technologies that are currently advancing at a fast rate. Nevertheless, an increase in efficiency of drones also indicates an increase in the opportunities of misusing them with the intention of criminal activities. When the airspace becomes exposed because of the drones, the video cameras, security guards and fences are not adequate to offer protection to the sensitive personal and people.
Drones are increasingly becoming powerful
Most people can currently be able to afford an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) that can be able to loads of about 10 lbs and fly many miles through any local store of electrical goods or the internet. Using the autopilot and GPS control systems, most of the small drones have the ability to fly through programmed route even without an operator.
Why only detects the UAVs if you cannot stop them?
Drone blockers create no- flight dome shields that provide complete protection from the attempts of drone protection. The drones are not able to enter into the airspace that is above the site that is protected by the drone blockers. Using the advanced technology that is derived from the military sector, they ensure that they operate with minimum distraction to the environment that is outside that protected area.
The defense systems of UAVs defense systems provide flexible solutions that have various configurations which can be selected according to the requirements of each location. For the purpose of covering large perimeters, many systems of drone defense can be linked to offer protection to any area, disregarding its size.
Units of the drone blockers in such configurations can be initiated in certain quadrants or simultaneously, so as to provide complete protection against a single drone or a thousand drones simultaneously.
Drone blockers feature the interface (HMI) that allows users to independently configure every channel and alter various parameters like scan rates, output power, modulations, and frequency. The system may be programmed so as to exclude the required frequencies that are utilized in local communication.
The features of a drone blocker
Modularity- a UAV blocker has a compact and modular architecture, flexible interfaces and low consumption of power, allowing it to be utilized in various terrestrial applications (transportable and/ or fixed), sea and air. This system is upgradeable and adjustable, providing the capacity for integrating different types of antennas and sensors.
Automation- drone blockers have two operating modes namely the ‘integrated’ and the ‘stand alone.’ The integrated mode allows the UAV blocker to automatically create a dome shield once an incoming unmanned aerial vehicle is detected through the detection systems. In the mode of ‘stand-alone’, countermeasures are manually controlled by being deactivated or activated by the user within any time.
A drone blocker may be operated and integrated with most software solutions, providing various capabilities and flexibility for all unique applications.
The modular design of drone blockers allows for integration with all types of drone detection sensors that are in existence today and those that may be developed in the near future. The centralized software architectures are ready for integration with an unlimited number of sensors within a single system.
The significant role of a drone blocker
Despite the fact that flying drones is a fun activity, they pose a threat when it comes to security matters. The UAVs are utilized as the flying spies by poking their noses in the sensitive regions. There are increasing concerns that the UAVs could be utilized as the flying IEDs (improvised explosives devices).
The small, fast and nimble are very difficult to stop by shooting them down. Although shooting at drones using a weapon can be a challenge since the missed shots may endanger the lives of members of the public.
A drone blocker helps people by providing them with security that is related to the threats of drones by using the recent anti-drone technologies of blocking the signals of the drone.
It is currently clear that the unmanned aerial vehicles are increasingly influencing society. There are still arguments as to whether the UAVs should fly in certain areas or whether individuals have the legal authority of taking them down. A drone blocker has proved to be very effective in offering protection against any threats that may be posed by the UAVs.
A drone attack is also referred to as a drone strike. It is a case where a combat drone releases bombs or fires missiles at targets. Most of the times, the drone is already equipped with weapons like cluster bombs, guided bombs, anti-tank missiles that are guided, air missiles, incendiary devices and other precision ammunitions that are guided. Countries such as Pakistan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Yemen, Iraq, and Syria have been affected by drone strikes. Most strikes are aimed at targeted killings, usually perpetrated by strongly developed countries.
Most drone attacks are carried out by the use of commercial drones that have weapons. The drones are usually containing dangerous payloads, plus they are crashed into the targets that are vulnerable, or they can as well be detonated above the vulnerable targets. Examples of payloads are; biological, radiological or chemical hazards, shrapnel or explosives.
To counter attack drone attacks, anti-drone systems are already being put in place. It will be challenging to rid of drones as most people used them for recreation. The terrorists can as well use them to carry out destructions. Drones for the military use are also known as Aerial Systems that are piloted remotely (RPAS) or Aerial vehicles that are unmanned.
Working principles of drone attacks
Drones for carrying out attacks are usually controlled miles away from the target area. A pilot usually guides the UCAV from a system of computers in a control room. The drones are known as aerial vehicles that are unmanned and are used for combat. They are abbreviated as UCAVs.
These drones usually survey suspects without them knowing they are closely watched. If the pilot presses down the fire button, the missile is released from drone thus the missile strikes the target. The main importance of drone attacks is identifying bad guys, and after carefully monitoring them, the terrorists are killed without incurrence of any collateral damage. There are times when civilians are affected by drone attacks.
The drones are normally used where a manned flight will be considered as difficult or too risky. The drones will provide 24-hour sky surveillance, seven days per week. Every aircraft is aloft for almost seventeen hours every time. It loiters over a given area and sends back images from the real time of the activities going on in the ground. The drones range from the small, medium to the spy planes that are large. The drones are at times used for reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence. There are drones so small that they can be launched using the hand.
Drones in the military
• Carry out reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence.
• Checking for any devices on a landing area or even the bombs on the roadside.
• Are used in the study of behavior patterns of locals so as to establish what the normal behavior is.
• Listening to conversations from mobile phones.
• Establish a close system for air support.
• The following and attacking of any suspected insurgents.
In the United States, the use of drones to check Pakistan started during the reign of President George Bush. The numbers, however, went up during the time of President Barrack Obama. Drones are usually used so as to achieve a precise strike.
Examples of the drones used in the military
Most of the drones to be used will be of medium size. They have both colored and the black-white cameras, radar, image intensifiers, lasers for the precise targeting and the imaging using infra-red for conditions with low light. There are times they will have missiles that are laser-guided. Examples of the drones include the MQ-9 Reaper and the MQ-IB Predator.
Most of the systems have a link to the satellites, a control station on the ground and four aircraft. Drones are only unmanned but not unpiloted. There is trained crew found at the base which is responsible for steering of the, and also they analyze the images that are sent back by the cameras so that appropriate action may be taken.
1. MQ-1B Predator; it was known as the predator RQ-1. It has a speed of 217 kilometers per hour. It was meant for a gathering of intelligence, target identification, reconnaissance, and surveillance. It was later equipped with missiles. It can take a strike with a range that is about eight kilometers.
- MQ-9 Reaper; was made using the system of “hunter-killer.” It has the ability to carry four missiles and bombs that are laser-guided. It has a cruise speed of 370 kilometers per hour.
Drone strikes that have occurred
In a country such as Pakistan, there have been several drone attacks which have led to the deaths of almost four thousand and twenty-six people with almost nine hundred and sixty-nine being civilians.
Some of the drone attacks include;
2004 18th June: eight people were killed by a drone strike in an area near Wana which is South Waziristan in Pakistan.
May 14th, 2005: two people were killed after a strike was made near Afghan border region of North Waziristan.
November 5th: a drone strike destroyed a house and killed eight people. The house belonged to Abu Rabia Hamza. Some of the people who died were Abu’s three children and his wife.
30th November: Abu Hamza was killed together with four other militants in Asoray in North Waziristan by drones that were sent by the CIA. Some of the people who died there was eight years old and a seventeen years old.
January 13th: a drone attack on the Damadola killed eight civilians. There were eight men, five children, and five women.
October 30th: an attack in Chenagai killed almost eighty people.
January 16th; a drone attack in South Waziristan killed almost thirty Taliban were killed.
26th April: four people were killed in the North Waziristan.
19th June; thirty people were killed in a village in an area of North Waziristan.
2nd November; five people were killed after a drone attack in Northern Waziristan.
29th January; Abu Laith was killed in a drone attack. Abu Laith was a member of the Al-Qaeda. Three children and two women were also killed.
February 27th: Twelve people were killed after a drone attack in Southern Waziristan.
March 16th: twenty people were killed in Southern Waziristan after a drone attack in the region.
14th May: fifteen people died after a drone attack in Damadola village in Bajaur. Abu Malayman Al-Jazairi is among those who died.
14th June: three missiles were fired by drones at a hideout which was suspected to be for Meshud, the leader of the TTP. Only one person was killed.
28th July: six people were killed. Among them was Midhat Mursi. The strike was in the area of South Waziristan.
These are just but some of the attacks that have eliminated terrorists but at times the lives of innocent civilians.
Advantages of Drones use in military attacks
No loss of lives on the armies that send the drones. Drones are unmanned, thus the government is able to save the lives of its service women and men. Even if terrorist fire at the drone, at least no one will be injured or a life lost.
They’re cost effective as compared to the use of human beings for the attacks.
Missiles launched by drones will travel at high speeds thus, terrorists can be gotten unaware. The plans of the terrorists can as well be found out and prevented before they are carried out.
Since drones utilize the Real-time Autonomous, Ubiquitous surveillance system for imaging, there will be real-time streams of videos at a rate of ten frames for every second. One example of such a system is the Argus-IS. Armies can use these systems to track vehicles and people from high altitudes of more than 6.1 kilometers, which is equivalent to almost twenty thousand feet, across one hundred and sixty-eight square kilometers (sixty-five square miles). The streams can be used for the study of patterns.
Note: if the Defense agency for Advancing Research Projects is successful, then there can be a version sensor for Argus-IS which will be more advanced will be essential in offering night vision.
Infrared sensors for imaging are sensitive so as to follow a dismounted person even at night.
Disadvantages of Usage of the drones in military strikes
One wrong calculation in terms of the bearings can result in massive loss of lives and property destruction: the direction of missed missiles is guided by the use of bearings and coordinates. In case of wrong bearing calculation or even pressing of the fire button at the wrong time, then there can be destruction of the wrong place, even worse, a terrorist will escape and maybe plan more attacks that can derail development.
Terrorists can use the drone attack to carry out various attacks from remote places: for instance assassins can deploy the use of a drone to carry out attacks on innocent citizens and prominent people in the society.
Deaths of innocent citizens; there has been times when use of aerial vehicles that are unmanned in attacks have led to the killing of citizens who are innocent.